The Christmas Truce of 1914

The Christmas Truce of 1914 in the trenches of the First World War is one of those stores from the war that will remain talked about for many more years. We are fortunate to have in our collection a report of the Truce, written by Private Hutchings of the 1st Battalion Hampshire Regiment. The Regiment’s part of the front line was opposite the 126th Saxon Regiment’s trenches, and both sides participated in the Truce. The report is handwritten with a small cap badge stuck to the top of the page.

The report reads (in his own words and spellings):

The Saxon Cap Badge was given to me with a cigar in exchange for my own in Xmas 1914

at Plougstreet Wood. The German Trenches were roughly 200 yds from ours.

Our Company Officers Name was Capt. Unwin. The Saxon’s were beckoning with their hands

for us to go over to their trench. But we shouted over that we would meet 

them half way so Capt Unwin asked for a volunteer. I happened to be standing 

by the side of him at the time and it fell my lot to go over and meet

one of the Saxon’s and a nice fellow he was. We shook hands and his first

words to me was Were there any Scotch Territorials out yet as he was 

himself a waiter in Glasgow. After that I cannot remember what was passed

between us as their was quite a little crowd of us. But we were the best of 

friends for the next seven days. We use to walk about on top of the trench

or in the front of it without any thing happening I remember one day

during the truce they accidentally killed one of our HQ Siggnlars

and they sent over and appologized and the last day of the truce,

one of their fellows brought over a message to say they had orders

to open fire with their auto matic machines but their first shots 

would be fired high. Capt Unwin in return gave him a box of 

chocolates. And they certainly acted according to message. Then we

were at war again I mentioned Saxon’s as they are to be relieved by

The Prussians.

Capt Unwin I believe was killed about the same time as Capt Fiddler

our late RSM 2nd Battle of Ypres I remember him so well. I walked into him after the retire

next I was walking along asleep.   Pte B Hutchings B. Coy.

Job Vacancies – 2 x Museum Assistants

The Royal Hampshire Regiment Museum Job Description – Museum Assistant

Background. The Royal Hampshire Regiment Museum is a small military museum which tells the story of the Regiment from its founding in 1702 to its amalgamation in 1992 into The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment – partly based in Hampshire.

We wish to appoint 2 part-time Museum Assistants to support our curator. The Museum Assistants will be expected to play a part in all aspects of running the museum – from Front of House to archive research to shop sales. This role offers the opportunity to acquire practical experience across a wide spectrum of curatorial work and potentially take on significant responsibility quickly too.

The job will be based in Serle’s House in Winchester, which was built in 1730 and is Grade II listed. There are narrow passageways and steps in the back offices. If this environment might present difficulties at interview, please let us know in your application in order that we can consider alternative arrangements for meeting with you.

 

Curatorial Duties.

Visitor Engagement Duties.

Other Duties.

 

The Applicant – Skills/qualifications, experience and qualities

The successful applicant will demonstrate the following essential and desirable requirements:

            Essential:

            Desirable:

 

Terms and Conditions

You will be employed by The Royal Hampshire Regiment Trust, initially on a 6-month probationary period. The salary will be based on £19,760 pro rata with the working hours – as follows:

Job 1:  Thursday, Friday & alternate Saturdays (20 hrs week 1; 14 hrs week 2)

Job 2:  Monday, Tuesday & alternate Saturdays (14 hrs week 1; 20 hrs week 2;).

Time off in lieu for overtime hours will be granted. You will be entitled to the equivalent of 3 weeks paid leave per annum. As the salary is below the Government threshold, this post does not include a pension scheme.

 

Applications

To apply please send your current Curriculum Vitae with the contact details of 2 Referees and a covering letter by Friday 31st December 2021 to: Susannah Jarvis, Curator, The Royal Hampshire Regiment Museum, Serle’s House, Southgate Street, Winchester SO23 9EG, email: susannah.jarvis@royalhampshireregiment.org . Please specify whether you are applying for Job 1 or 2.

 

For further information contact: museum@royalhampshireregiment.org.

Interviews:               In late January 2022

Appointment:          early March 2022

Armistice Day

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

 

 

Battle of Charasiab – 6th October 1879
The Battle of Charasiab was fought this week (5th and 6th October) in 1879, as part of the 2nd Anglo-Afghan War. This is one of the Regiment’s Battle Honours, from the 67th Regiment of Foot.
As a part of Kabul Field Force, made up of both British and Indian troops, on 3rd October 1879 they began the final thirty-six mile march to Kabul, under the leadership of General Roberts. The 67th had begun as the brigade rear-guard, escorting artillery and the baggage train, while keeping off the sniping from the enemy. Some of the 67th were then used to head back to scout out several villages for opposition and weapons, but finding them mainly deserted.
On the evening of 5th October 1879, Roberts reached Charasiab village near the River Logar and encamped with the main body of the Brigade. To the north of the camp, by the river, the route to Kabul lay through the Sang i Nawishta pass. It was Roberts’ intention to remain in Charasiab while the transport animals returned to Safed Sang and brought up the supplies left there with the remaining troops. As evening drew in, Afghans could be seen gathering in the hills either side of the pass.
Half the 67th had remained behind to await and escort the returning transport, and the other 4 companies under were under the command of Major Kingsley.
On the morning of 6th October 1879, a force comprising 23rd Bengal Native Infantry and 92nd Highlanders with cavalry and 2 guns advanced to the Sang i Nawishta, with the task of making sure the route along the Logar River was passable. But the Afghan force was now moving forward and it could be seen that this was not a mass of tribesmen, but regular Afghan troops equipped with artillery, around 8,000 in number. The Afghans took position occupying three miles of the crescent of hills.
To further complicate Roberts’ position, Afghan tribesmen were gathering in his rear. Roberts resolved on immediate attack on the Afghan army blocking his road to Kabul. Brigadier Baker advanced with the force already deployed; 72nd Highlanders, troops of 5th Gurkhas and 5th Punjab Infantry, cavalry and 5 guns.
Baker’s force divided in two; Major White leading a contingent from the 92nd and 23rd Pioneers into the pass, while Baker took the remaining companies to attack the Afghan right. White stormed the hill overlooking the pass, only to find himself threatened by overwhelming numbers of Afghans. In spite of this, White detached two companies of Highlanders to assist Baker’s attack.
Baker’s troops stormed the hills forming the first line on the Afghan right, driving the Afghans back to the second line of hills. The 72nd, 5th Gurkhas and the remaining companies of the 23rd Pioneers assailed the second line. This attack was suddenly supported by the two companies of 92nd Highlanders, sent by White to launch an assault in support of Baker on the left flank of the Afghans.
The Afghan centre and right, under attack by Baker the 92nd, crumbled and fled, taking the troops facing White with them.
The 67th under Major Kingsley were in reserve, guarding the camp, and did not make it into the main action, although the HQ wing fought off an attack on their camp, and then escorted ‘an immense string’ of transport animals, earning great credit by bringing it in without losing any to the Afghans.
British and Indian casualties were 78. Afghan casualties were around 500. The medals for the Afghan campaign were awarded to all those who participated, including the 67th. The medal’s reverse shows a transport elephant being escorted – perhaps by the 67th?
The Battle of Charasiab opened the last section of road to Kabul for the British and Indian army. Moving forward, Roberts concentrated his army before taking over the city on 9th October 1879. The Regimental History mentioned that Major Kingsley’s men had a hard time of it in the following days from Charasiab, marching 45 miles in 48 hours with no food rations.
There are various spellings of Charasiab – the medal clasp does not have the final ‘b’ on it, and sometimes it is spelled with a K to start.
Today is the Anniversary of the Battle of the Somme – 1st July 1916

Today marks the 1st Day of the Battle of the Somme in 1916. The 1st Battalion Hampshire Regiment, serving as part of 4th Division, were assigned to attack north of the heavily fortified village of Beaumont Hamel. Today also marks the worst day for the regiment in terms of casualties, as all 26 officers were either killed or wounded, and 559 Other Ranks were killed, wounded or taken prisoner. As a result, there are few detailed accounts of the battle.
We do have this letter in the collection, written by 21271 Private Albert Blaber who was one of the wounded from 1st July. In it he describes the horrors of the opening day of the Battle to his wife. The letter text is below:

No 9 A Ward West. Lord Derby’s War Hospital
Warrington, Lancs.                                                                                                           Saturday July 8th

My own darling Rosie.

I am further away from home than I was when I were in the firing line but thank God I am on the right side of the water, darling I can hardly believe that I am in Hospital, for it was like coming from hell to heaven, for only those that went through the awful fight on Saturday July 1 and the next day, could describe what I mean by coming out of the gates of Hell.
My darling you have no need to worry about me for you can rest contented now that your hubby is safe for a while at least. We are in one of the finest War Hospitals in England, lovly rooms, everything for the comfort of the Wounded, and the sisters are very nice, do anything for us. I think we deserve everything in the way of comfort after what we had been through. I suppose you have read about us in the papers for I see that our regiment is mentioned and we deserve it, for we had very heavy losses. Our division lost over 8,000 men, we were mown down like corn by Machine Gun fire and shell fire, our dead lay in front of our barbed wire in hundreds. I shall never forget the awful sight We never took any prisoners on our part of the fight for the simple reason we killed every german we came across. Our Brigade the 88th were the third line to go over the 86th and 87th we suffering heavy losses, and the Germans shot any amount of our poor wounded men, that got our blood up, so we spared neither wounded or otherwise after we saw what had happened.
My darling it was a frightful sight to see our wounded laying in front of the trenches at the mercy of heavy shell fire, so plenty of us were eager to volunteer to bring them in. Some we had to leave after we had made them comfortable for we were losing men heavily and it broke the heart to have to leave them, for it was an order for us to do so for we were told to leave the wounded to get on the best they could as all the men who were up to then unhurt were needed for another attack. We took the first line of trenches, but owing to heavy losses we were unable to hold on, but while we were there we done great slaughter to the Germans, for we found there were dug outs full of them, so we bombed them out of it we showed no mercy for anybody, for what I described earlier in the letter, for a lot surrendered to us, holding up there hands, shouting ‘Mercy Kamard’ which means comrade in English and they got it in the shape of a bomb or a bayonet. Our part of the line was in Thiepal [Thiepval] Wood, where the germans had command over us for we had to attack about 700 yards of no mans land. You would have laughed to see us running from one shell hole to another, of course darling it was no laughing matter for I do not want to go through it again.
I was wounded on Sunday night while bringing in our wounded and up to yesterday I only had a temporary bandage on. We looked awful sights when we arrived at the hospital, for I had not had a shave for 15 days and not even a wash, and my clothes was covered with mud and blood, and I also was lowsy as I could be. We were packed like sardines on the hospital boat as there were hundreds still waiting in France. What a treat to lay in a nice bed. I had not taken off my boots for 23 days up to yesterday so you can quite understand how I felt. My darling I have lost everything pipes cigs tobacco shaving soap, not a thing did I bring away. I brought a birthday card for little lily, and also some cards for Dick and Dolly and I have lost them so you can relize how I am fixed, do not trouble about sending anythink until I know how things are going. I have not a penny in the world to help myself with.
You can send a 2/.. P O if you can spare it for I can manage with that then I shall be able to get some stamps, how funny it will seem to have to stamp our letters. You can write to the address, but only send letters or papers, do not send parcels for we are not allowed them. Will you kindly let Mr Browne know where I am and tell him I apolygize for not writing to him at present but will do so at the first chance I get.
I wish little Lily a happy birthday, I am sorry I shall not be able to send her a card as I have no money to get one. Perhaps you could send her one, and say it is from her daddy. Remember me to all at home.
I must close hoping to see you and the children before long sending my fondest love and kisses from your ever loving hubby Bert, you can show father this letter if you like.
xxxxxxxx

On this day- Battle of Jidballi 1904

Today is the anniversary of the Battle of Jidballi in 1904. This campaign was part of the Somaliland offensive, which had started in 1901 when the Mullah Mohammed Abdullah proclaimed himself the Mahdi and started raiding British Somaliland. Repulsed twice in 1901 and 1902, it became clear that more substantial operations were necessary in the interior of the country. British Mounted Infantry, Indian and African regular soldiers, together with local volunteers were used to launch simultaneous attacks to try and drive the Mullah from his stronghold and into the desert.

There were some successes and some failures amongst these operations; a lack of water, food and transport had severely hindered the British forces’ advances in 1903, and by the autumn they were forced to wait and regroup, and resupply via a coastal road they had built themselves. Operations started again at the end of October 1903, although there was little action, despite the allied forces trying to tempt the Somalis into attacking their column in December.

By January 1904, General Egerton, now commanding in Somaliland, decided to advance on Jidballi, which was 40 miles east of Eil Dab where the Mullah’s men were gathering. The ensuing battle for the Hampshire Regiment lasted only 40 minutes from the opening fire, as the trained soldiers were more accurate shooters than the Somali troops, who retreated with British mounted troops in pursuit.

Today’s museum treasure is this fabulous shield made from Hippo hide. It was brought back after the Battle of Jidballi, and donated to the museum by Major SCF Jackson DSO, who later went on to command the 1st Battalion. The shield is decorated on both sides – the reverse has a painted design. It is smaller than may be expected however, measuring only 35cm in diameter.

 

At the going down of the sun, and in the morning, We Will Remember Them

On this day 95 years ago, officers and soldiers from the Hampshire Regiment gathered at the War Memorial in Winchester to lay wreaths on Armistice Day. They were among the first to lay wreaths there when the War Memorial was unveiled in 1921, and yesterday, on Remembrance Sunday 2019, Veterans of the Regiment laid wreaths there again in an unbroken commitment spanning 98 years.

What many people do not realise, is that it was Major George Howson, a WW1 veteran of the 11th (Service) Battalion of the Hampshire Regiment, who started the Poppy Factory in London in 1922 to provide employment for disabled ex-soldiers. He used his own personal money to start the enterprise, later taken on by the British Legion, and to move it to larger premises a few years later when demand for the poppies had outstripped the supply.  Without the vision of Moina Michael in America and Anna Guerin in France who pressurised the Governments to adopt the poppy as an official symbol of Remembrance, together with Major Howson’s factory, the poppy as an emblem would not be so prevalent today around the world.

 

In Flanders Fields

The poem by John McCrae

In Flanders’ fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place: and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders’ fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe;
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high,
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders’ Fields.

 

Historical Huzzahs – Interactive History in the Museum’s Memorial Garden 22nd September 2019

The museum is pleased to announce that it will be hosting the Historical Huzzahs for Heritage Open Days on Sunday 22nd September.  Do pop along and join in with this immersive history event, and then visit the museum. The museum is open 11-3, Historical Huzzahs will be there from 11-4.

More details are at the link: https://www.winchesterheritageopendays.org/events-turn-up/2019/9/22/home-fires

 

We look forward to seeing you there.

Taku Forts – 21st August 1860 – 2nd China War

This medal is the 2nd China War Medal from 1860. It’s silver, and has been made into a menu holder which was then presented to the Regiment in 1899 by Lt. Savage. The medal should have the Queen’s head facing outwards on the front. 

The 2nd China War (formerly known as the Opium War) is one of the campaigns of the Victorian Army that is lesser known. However, for the Royal Hampshire Regiment, it was one of our most famous battles and led to the award of four Victoria Crosses to the Regiment at Taku Forts on 21st August 1860.

Following a dispute over trade routes between China and Great Britain, it was agreed that a peace treaty would be signed between the two nations at Pekin (now Beijing). Unfortunately when Sir Frederick Bruce attempted to sail up the Pei-ho River to Pekin for the negotiations, three of his gun ships were sunk by fire from the Taku Forts.

Subsequently the Chinese Expeditionary Force of 16000 men was raised, in which the 67th Regiment was part, and sailed from India and landed at Talien Bay (now Dalian Wan) to the north of the Pei-ho River in early June 1860. It was realised that although the forts protected the river mouth, and were heavily defended, it would be possible to land troops further along the coast, so they could approach the forts from behind, and hopefully enjoy an element of surprise.

The 67th landed carrying 3 days’ rations, 56 rounds of ammunition in their pouches – together with the ammunition belts these rounds weighed 11 pounds, and their great coats. They had ‘wicker helmets’ and ‘summer frocks’ – a lightweight red shirt which had replaced the heavy and tight fitting tunics a few years previously. It took 10 days to land the horses, guns and other supplies, during which time a safe route had been planned through the marshes.

Progress to the forts was slow due to thick mud and the need to build causeways, but by early August preparatory artillery actions were taking place. There were 3 forts at Taku, by capturing the southern one, it was thought the others could be taken.

On the 21st August 1860 the forts were carried by storm by Major General Sir Robert Napier’s 2nd Division with the Colours of the 44th and 67th being simultaneously placed onto the ramparts. The attackers had had to swim the ditches, and use scaling ladders, all the while under fire from the Chinese defenders. The walls of the fort had been badly damaged by the bombardment and Lieutenant Burslem and Private Lane succeeded in widening a hole and forcing their way through.

Much gallantry was shown and seven Victoria Crosses were won, four by the 67th, two by the 44th and one by the India Medical Service. The 67th casualties were 8 officers wounded and 6 men killed, with a further 63 wounded.

The Victoria Crosses awarded on this day are on display in the museum, and there is an interesting blog post from the University of Bristol on the campaign here:

Andrew Hillier on Images of War and Regimental Memory

 

 

 

Happy Minden Day – 1st August

Happy Minden Day everyone!

Minden Day has been celebrated throughout the years by the regiment, and is still celebrated by the PWRR today with parades, dinners and the wearing of roses in their headgear. It is the major Battle Honour of the 37th Regiment of Foot, later the Hampshire, Royal Hampshire and now PWRR regiments.

The Battle of Minden was fought on 1st August 1759, during the Seven Years’ War. Minden is in Northern Germany, 6 British Infantry Regiments were sent to Germany, where the French were trying to take Hanover to recompense for their losses in Canada. The British, Hanoverians, Hessians and Prussians, numbering some 41,000 men with 170 guns were fighting the larger French and Saxon armies of 51,000 men.

The British Regiments of the 37th, together with the 20th, 23rd, 25th, 51st all marched up to Coesfeld, near Münster to become part of the army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. Horses were used to carry the tents and the regimental medicine chest, carriages were hired locally to transport blankets and 2 days’ bread, with all men carrying another 2 days’ worth. As the troops advanced forwards, new waggons and horses were requisitioned and the old ones sent back. There were few reports of the British troops looting along the way, bullocks were provided for their meat supplies.

The British troops were encamped to the north west of Minden Heath. The French forces had started moving into position very early, but this news was not passed on swiftly, so it was some time before Ferdinand’s troops were ready to move at 5am. By 7am they were already occupying various areas of ground, while the ‘indisciplined French troops’ and their conflicting orders caused confusion and delayed their advance, allowing the German and British forces to drive them out of some strongholds.

There was supposed to be British Cavalry supporting the Infantry, but due to delays, they had not yet reached Minden. There were nine battalions facing the French Cavalry, and the advance of the infantry completely surprised the cavalry, who could do nothing except charge at them. 12 cavalry squadrons swept down towards the infantry, who held their fire until the horses were within ten paces, and then let fly, with devastating effect. The remaining cavalry withdrew, and successive cavalry charges met the same fate. The French Cavalry were driven back three times completely, before deciding to send in their infantry.

17 French Infantry Battalions now advanced on the British Infantry, who wheeled around to attack again; the superior British weaponry and training killed a great many, and others ran away. The battle continued with further attacks, and a large scale onslaught from British guns caused Contades’ French force to beat a hasty retreat, leaving behind 40 guns, and nearly 20 colours and standards, as well as losing nearly 11,000 men by some accounts.

The 37th Regiment of Foot suffered heavy losses too – 4 officers and 69 men were killed, and another 12 officers and 188 men were wounded, (another 33 subsequently died of their wounds). This was nearly 54% of the 37th Men.

The soldiers picked wild roses from the battlefield to wear in their hats and uniforms, a tradition that continues to today.

The museum shop sells copies of the Battle of Minden Print by Dawn Waring:

https://www.royalhampshireregiment.org/product/battle-minden-unframed/