Summer Holiday Activities 5-11th August 2019 at Winchester’s Military Museums

Happy Minden Day – 1st August

Happy Minden Day everyone!

Minden Day has been celebrated throughout the years by the regiment, and is still celebrated by the PWRR today with parades, dinners and the wearing of roses in their headgear. It is the major Battle Honour of the 37th Regiment of Foot, later the Hampshire, Royal Hampshire and now PWRR regiments.

The Battle of Minden was fought on 1st August 1759, during the Seven Years’ War. Minden is in Northern Germany, 6 British Infantry Regiments were sent to Germany, where the French were trying to take Hanover to recompense for their losses in Canada. The British, Hanoverians, Hessians and Prussians, numbering some 41,000 men with 170 guns were fighting the larger French and Saxon armies of 51,000 men.

The British Regiments of the 37th, together with the 20th, 23rd, 25th, 51st all marched up to Coesfeld, near Münster to become part of the army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. Horses were used to carry the tents and the regimental medicine chest, carriages were hired locally to transport blankets and 2 days’ bread, with all men carrying another 2 days’ worth. As the troops advanced forwards, new waggons and horses were requisitioned and the old ones sent back. There were few reports of the British troops looting along the way, bullocks were provided for their meat supplies.

The British troops were encamped to the north west of Minden Heath. The French forces had started moving into position very early, but this news was not passed on swiftly, so it was some time before Ferdinand’s troops were ready to move at 5am. By 7am they were already occupying various areas of ground, while the ‘indisciplined French troops’ and their conflicting orders caused confusion and delayed their advance, allowing the German and British forces to drive them out of some strongholds.

There was supposed to be British Cavalry supporting the Infantry, but due to delays, they had not yet reached Minden. There were nine battalions facing the French Cavalry, and the advance of the infantry completely surprised the cavalry, who could do nothing except charge at them. 12 cavalry squadrons swept down towards the infantry, who held their fire until the horses were within ten paces, and then let fly, with devastating effect. The remaining cavalry withdrew, and successive cavalry charges met the same fate. The French Cavalry were driven back three times completely, before deciding to send in their infantry.

17 French Infantry Battalions now advanced on the British Infantry, who wheeled around to attack again; the superior British weaponry and training killed a great many, and others ran away. The battle continued with further attacks, and a large scale onslaught from British guns caused Contades’ French force to beat a hasty retreat, leaving behind 40 guns, and nearly 20 colours and standards, as well as losing nearly 11,000 men by some accounts.

The 37th Regiment of Foot suffered heavy losses too – 4 officers and 69 men were killed, and another 12 officers and 188 men were wounded, (another 33 subsequently died of their wounds). This was nearly 54% of the 37th Men.

The soldiers picked wild roses from the battlefield to wear in their hats and uniforms, a tradition that continues to today.

The museum shop sells copies of the Battle of Minden Print by Dawn Waring:

https://www.royalhampshireregiment.org/product/battle-minden-unframed/

Museum Medals #1 – Battle of Minden Medal

The museum has hundreds of medals in its collection, and this is most definitely one of the rarest we hold.

This beautiful silver-gilt oval medal is from 1779, awarded to commemorate the Battle of Minden on 1st August 1759 by the Commanding Officer of the 37th of Foot, General Sir Eyre Coote. No official campaign medals were awarded for Minden, so Coote designed his own, to be awarded to any men still serving in the 37th in 1779, who had provided distinguished service during the battle. We only have 1 in the museum; we sadly do not know how many were awarded. The front has a portrait of Coote, surrounded by laurel wreaths, the reverse depicts the 6 British Infantry Regiments and Royal Artillery regiment lined up ready for battle. The Latin on the reverse translates as ‘ small in number, but a brave band to wage war’. The detail on this is fantastic, but it’s really hard to photograph without reflections – hence why it looks round on the first picture. For anyone interested, more on the Battle of Minden will follow on Minden Day – 1st August.

 

Hampshire Day

15th of July 2019 saw the granting of a new county flag, purposefully coinciding with the county patron saint’s day of St Swithun. This new flag, designed by Jason Saber and Brady Ells, now bears the Saxon crown in recognition of the long history Hampshire and Winchester especially bears with the ancient Saxons. Winchester was Alfred the Great’s capital city, and St Swithun is thought to have tutored him when he was young. The Saxon crown is necessary because of the Royal Decree necessitating a Royal Warrant to have a royal crown on a flag.

The two-coloured rose has every bit as much background as the crown, as the Hampshire association with the rose as a heraldic symbol goes back to 1485, when Henry VII, first Tudor king of England, unified the two crests of of the rival of houses of York and Lancashire into one two-coloured rose.

The Royal Hampshire Regiment used in it’s crest a version of the rose with gold instead of white elements, stemming from the gold and red uniforms of the forebear regiments, the  37th (North Hampshire) Regiment and the 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment. These colours are also similar to the Wessex flag colours.

Vacancy – Chairperson for Winchester Military Museum Partnership

Do you have some spare time and enjoy preserving military history?

Are you enthusiastic and good at leading a team towards shared goals and objectives?

Are you able to get to Winchester once a month or so?

If the answer is YES, then you could be the person we are looking for!

 

Winchester’s Military Museums (WMM) are looking for a new Chairperson. WMM is a partnership of six military museums located in Peninsula Barracks, a historic site adjacent to the Great Hall. Together we promote ourselves as a joint destination under the brand of Winchester’s Military Quarter www.winchestersmilitaryquarter.org .

This is a Voluntary position. Full details on the role are on the website: https://www.winchestersmilitaryquarter.org/vacancies.html

If you would like to know more, then please contact Colin Bulleid on 01962 863658 or museum@royalhampshireregiment.org

The closing date is 30th July 2019, and interviews will be in Winchester on 20th August 2019.

 

 

Missing Presumed Dead – a Poem written on D-Day

This moving poem was written by Dennis Hawes, of the 1st Battalion on 6th June 1944 and added to on 6th June 1984.

 

Missing presumed dead

 

I searched for you my friend,

The morning after the invasion,

As I listed the dead and wounded

Of our depleted battalion, for the adjutant.

Searching in first aid stations, bunkers,

Field ambulances, makeshift mortuaries,

Temporary graves, but you were not there.

 

Then I could not search the sea

Which entombed so many beneath its choppy swell

And only with capricious arrogance,

Deigned to deposit back some sodden, waxen corpses,

Among the detritus of the wreck littered shoreline.

 

We faced the dawn of D-Day together

For after all it was our third seaborne assault

Wakeful as the steely light, broke over the slate coloured sea,

Picking out the straining shapes of the vast invasion fleet

Moving relentlessly towards the flaming shoreline.

Orange, black belching tongues of the battleships,

Awesome sight and sound of the drenching rocket ships,

Tanks blasting from the bellies of their flat craft.

All drawn inexorably to the fiery vortex of the beaches

Overhead aircraft weaved, criss cross in ceaseless motion.

 

Then we climbed about our tank to storm ashore,

But the Churchill only trundled forward a few yards,

Before being drowned by the incoming tide,

Swept over by the cold and greedy waves,

Dashing and foaming over the slippery hull,

Clawing and clutching at its overladen victims,

Now clinging fearfully with a tenuous hold.

 

In range shells hit out parent craft,

Fountained the water, as it drew back.

My friend I did not see you go,

As I went into the icy waves,

Nor think of you in my frenzied swimming

And the dangers before my final beaching.

In my panic to survive the sea,

The call of friendship went unheeded.

 

Then on the beach, all thoughts were lost,

In the savage whine of bullets,

The whistle and thud of mortars and shells.

Sights of incoming craft shattered on stakes and mines,

Ships nearing the short, exploding with direct hits,

The mutilated, eyeless, shocked and dying,

The dramatic and pathetic dead.

 

I finally got back to the battalion,

Was reprimanded to taking so long to reach them,

But the MO calmed down, when I said,

I believed you were all lost.

 

No 40 years later, I stand in the Bayeux cemetery,

Close to where we marched, the day after the invasion

Now listening to the poignancy of the last post

And after searching for you, in the beach head cemeteries,

But of course you were not there.

Only a name among those missing presumed dead.

 

As the last notes of the bugle died away,

I tried to comfort myself, you were spared,

The horrors of the bridgehead battles,

Or later, life’s inevitable disappointments.

In vain, I stand tearful as the sound fades.

So, I went to Bayeux Cathedral, with a French family,

Lit a candle for you and the mothers of the fallen,

On their suggestion

And felt at last, I had found some part of you.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Museum has been awarded Accreditation again

We are very pleased to announce that the Museum has been re-awarded its Accreditation again for the period 2018-2023.

Becoming an Accredited Museum is a splendid achievement as it proves that all our processes and practices are correct, that we are caring for the collections, our staff and visitors well. This is a fairly long process and has involved considerable work from the Curator to obtain.

The official definition of the purpose of Accreditation is as follows:

We want all museums to be sustainable, focused and trusted organisations, which offer their visitors a great experience. The Accreditation Scheme sets out nationally-agreed standards, which inspire the confidence of the public and funding and governing bodies. It enables museums to assess their current performance, as well as supporting them to plan and develop their services.

We were awarded our official certificate at the regional conference in March 2019 – here is the Deputy Curator accepting the award from Maria Ragan on the left, who is the Director of St. Barbe’s Museum and on the Accreditation Committee, and Maggie Appleton on the right, the President of the Museums Association and Director of the RAF Museum. (Photo by Chris Beer at allthingsdigital.uk)

Memorial Garden Roses – A Huge Thank You

Our Memorial Garden project to replace the diseased roses and re-turf the lawns is now complete, and we are thrilled to announce that due to the generous donations we received from Regimental Friends and Family, as well as a bequest and some grants, we have managed to raise not only the full amount needed, but also enough for maintenance for the next 3 years.

We are so grateful to everyone who kindly contributed, the sponsorship board for the roses is currently in production and this will be mounted inside the museum shortly.

 

The Museum will be on television tonight – 22nd January 2019

We have just been informed that the Regimental Museum is featured on tonight’s South Today programme (on BBC1 after the Six O’Clock News)  between 6.30 and 7pm. We are sharing some hidden stories from regimental history, so please tune in to see us.

Merry Christmas Everyone

While searching through the archives, we found this touching Christmas Card from 1915. The message shows that for the deployed soldiers, away from their families at Christmas, thoughts were still with home.

 

 

Merry Christmas Everyone, Tigers Old and New, and Best Wishes for 2019, from all the museum team.